Sustainable Energy Development
The field of sustainable development can be conceptually broken into four constituent parts:-
Scope and Definition
Sustainable energy development does not focussing on environmental issues only. More broadly, it encompasses three general policy areas: Economic, Environmental and Social. In support of this, several United Nations texts, mostly recently the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document, refer to the " interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars " of sustainable development as economic development, social development, and environmental protection.
Social Aspect:- Cultural diversity becomes " one of the roots of development understood not simply in terms of economic growth, but also as a means to achieve a more satisfactory intellectual, emotional, moral and spiritual existence ". In this vision, cultural diversity is the fourth policy area of sustainable energy development.
Economical and Environmental Aspect:- Green development is generally differentiated from prioritizes what its proponents consider to be environmental sustainability over economic and cultural considerations. Proponents of Sustainable Development argue that it provides a context in which to improve overall sustainability where cutting edge green development is unattainable. For example, a cutting edge treatment plant with extremely high maintenance costs may not be sustainable in regions of the world with less financial resources. An environmentally ideal plant that is shut down due to bankruptcy is obviously in low sustainable rate than the one that is maintainable by the indigenous community, even if it is somewhat less effective from an environmental standpoint.
Sustainable Development is an ambiguous concept, as a wide array of views has fallen under its umbrella. The concept of sustainability has included notions of weak sustainability, strong sustainability and deep ecology. During the last ten years, different organizations have tried to measure and monitor the proximity to what they consider sustainability by implementing what it has been called sustainability metric and indices.
Criticism of the term
Many environmentalists have criticized some interpretations of the term as an oxymoron, claiming that economic policies based on concepts of growth and continued development energy resources cannot be sustainable, since that term implies resources remain constant. Some people criticise the term " developing sustainability ", as it does not imply that something needs to be created.